The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that provides independent scientific advice and communicates on existing and emerging risks associated with the food chain. EFSA was established in February 2002, is based in Parma, Italy and had a budget for 2008 of €65.9 million.

The work of EFSA covers all matters with a direct or indirect impact on food and feed safety, including animal health and welfare, plant protection and plant health and nutrition. EFSA supports the European Commission, the European Parliament and EU member states in taking effective and timely risk management decisions that ensure the protection of the healthof European consumers and the safety of the food and feed chain. EFSA also communicates to the public in an open and transparent way on all matters within its remit.

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EFSA’s new Management Board is operational as of today, 1 July 2022. It comprises representatives of all EU Member States, the European Commission, and the European Parliament, as well as representatives of civil society and food chain interests.

The food enzyme cellulase (4‐(1,3;1,4)‐β‐d‐glucan 4‐glucanohydrolase; EC is produced with the genetically modified Trichoderma reesei strain AR‐852 by AB Enzymes GmbH. The genetic modifications did not give rise to safety concerns. The food enzyme is considered free from viable cells of the production organism and its DNA. The food enzyme is intended to be used in five food manufacturing processes: baking processes, brewing processes, distilled alcohol production, wine and wine vinegar production, and fruit and vegetable processing for juice production.

Some EU Member States depend to a great extent on feed imports from Ukraine. Following the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the supply chains are interrupted, and stakeholders informed the European Commission about possible imminent shortages, mainly for wheat, barley, maize, sunflower seeds, rapeseeds and soyabeans used for feed purposes. As a consequence, they announced to take steps to find alternative sources for importing these products.

The food enzyme α‐amylase (4‐α‐d‐glucan glucanhydrolase; EC is produced with the genetically modified Bacillus licheniformis strain NZYM‐BC by Novozymes A/S. The genetic modifications do not give rise to safety concerns. The production strain was shown to qualify for the qualified presumption of safety (QPS) status. The food enzyme was free from viable cells of the production organism and its DNA.

The EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Flavourings (FAF) provides a scientific opinion on the safety of buffered vinegar as a new food additive. Buffered vinegar is a liquid or dried product prepared by adding sodium/potassium hydroxides (E 524 to E 525) and sodium/potassium carbonates (E 500 to E 501) to vinegar, compliant with European Standard EN 13188:2000 and exclusively obtained from an agricultural source origin (except wood/cellulose). The primary constituents of buffered vinegar are acetic acid and its salts.