The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that provides independent scientific advice and communicates on existing and emerging risks associated with the food chain. EFSA was established in February 2002, is based in Parma, Italy and had a budget for 2008 of €65.9 million.

The work of EFSA covers all matters with a direct or indirect impact on food and feed safety, including animal health and welfare, plant protection and plant health and nutrition. EFSA supports the European Commission, the European Parliament and EU member states in taking effective and timely risk management decisions that ensure the protection of the healthof European consumers and the safety of the food and feed chain. EFSA also communicates to the public in an open and transparent way on all matters within its remit.

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Published on: 25 November 2019

The conclusions of EFSA following the peer review of the initial risk assessments carried out by the competent authority of the rapporteur Member State France for the pesticide active substance dimethyl disulfide are reported. The context of the peer review was that required by Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council. The conclusions were reached on the basis of the evaluation of the representative uses of dimethyl disulfide as a nematicide, fungicide and herbicide on carrot (field use) and on tomato (greenhouse application). The reliable endpoints, appropriate for use in regulatory risk assessment, are presented. Missing information identified as being required by the regulatory framework is listed. Concerns are identified.

© European Food Safety Authority, 2015

Peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance dimethyl disulfide

Published on: 22 November 2019

In accordance with Article 53 of Regulation (EC) 1107/2009, the United Kingdom granted two 120‐day emergency authorisations for the use of plant protection products containing the active substance cyantraniliprole in Chinese cabbages, raspberries and blackberries. The applicants (Agriculture & Horticulture Development Board (AHDB)) and FMC Agro Ltd) requested the setting of temporary maximum residue levels (MRLs) for cyantraniliprole in Chinese cabbages, raspberries and blackberries. The United Kingdom, as evaluating Member State (EMS), summarised the data provided by the applicants in two evaluation reports which were submitted to the European Commission and forwarded to EFSA. Adequate analytical methods for enforcement are available to control the residues of cyantraniliprole on the commodities under consideration at the validated limit of quantification (LOQ) of 0.01 mg/kg. Sufficient residue trials were submitted to calculate MRL proposals for the crops under assessment. Based on the risk assessment results, EFSA concluded that the long‐term intake of residues resulting from the use of parent cyantraniliprole in crops under assessment according to the reported emergency agricultural practice is unlikely to present a risk to consumer health. Due to data gaps related to the toxicological profile of degradation products generated during processing, the risk assessment for processed products could not be finalised.

© European Food Safety Authority, 2015

Modification of the existing maximum residue levels for cyantraniliprole in Chinese cabbages, blackberries and raspberries

Published on: 22 November 2019


  • Budget: € 70,000.00
  • Approximate launch date: early January 2020
  • Deadline to register interest: 09/12/2019
  • Background:
    • Within EFSA (, the Corser Unit provides user support, manages inventory and assets, supervises building security and general services and takes care of health and safety matters supporting EFSA’s mission: to provide independent scientific advice and clear communication on existing and emerging food and feed risks.
      Within the Corser Unit, the Site Management Team is dedicated to manage spaces and supplies and to provide a number of other services, among which the postal and express mail courier services for the EFSA staff (around 500 employees).
  • Objectives: 
    • The aim of this procurement procedure is to conclude a negotiated contract for four years with one contractor that will provide express courier shipping services. Most of the mailings will consist of paper documents and soft documents. An average of 70 items are sent per month of which 75% consists of parcels weighting up to 1 kg. Other goods (like publications, banners, computer components and samples) are shipped less frequently. The contract will be implemented through an online booking system.

If you are interested in this procedure please send an email within the deadline to efsaprocurement [at] quoting the reference of the procedure and specifying the following:

  • your name/organisation’s name and address;
  • whether you participate as a physical person or an organisation/private company.

Express courier services

Published on: 21 November 2019

The food enzyme α‐amylase (4‐α‐d‐glucan glucanhydrolase; EC is produced with the genetically modified strain Bacillus licheniformis DP‐Dzb25 by Danisco US Inc. It is intended to be used in distilled alcohol production, starch processing for the production of glucose syrups, and in brewing processes. Since residual amounts of the food enzyme are removed by distillation and during starch processing, no dietary exposure was calculated for these food processes. Based on the maximum use levels recommended for brewing processes and individual data from the EFSA Comprehensive European Food Database, dietary exposure to the food enzyme–total organic solids (TOS) was estimated to be up to 0.138 mg TOS/kg body weight (bw) per day. The production strain of the food enzyme contains multiple copies of a known antimicrobial resistance gene and consequently, it does not fulfil the requirements for the Qualified Presumption of Safety (QPS) approach to safety assessment. However, considering the absence of viable cells and DNA from the production organism in the food enzyme, this is not considered to be a risk. As no other concerns arising from the microbial source and its subsequent genetic modification or from the manufacturing process have been identified, the Panel considers that toxicological tests are not needed for the assessment of this food enzyme. Similarity of the amino acid sequence to those of known allergens was searched for and no match was found. The Panel notes that the food enzyme may contain a known allergen. Therefore, allergenicity cannot be excluded for uses other than distilled alcohol production. Apart from potential allergenicity, the Panel concluded that the food enzyme 4‐α‐d‐glucan glucanhydrolase produced with the genetically modified B. licheniformis strain DP‐Dzb25 does not give rise to safety concerns under the intended conditions of use.

© European Food Safety Authority, 2015

Safety evaluation of the food enzyme α‐amylase from a genetically modified strain of Bacillus licheniformis (DP‐Dzb25)

Published on: 21 November 2019

Following the detection of mineral oil aromatic hydrocarbons (MOAH) in batches of infant and follow‐on formula in France, Germany and the Netherlands reported by foodwatch, the European Commission (EC) asked Member States (MS) to analyse the concerned batches and to investigate possible contamination sources; and mandated EFSA to perform a rapid assessment on the health risks related to the presence of MOAH in infant and follow‐on formula. MOAH may include the presence of genotoxic and carcinogenic 3‐7 ring polycyclic aromatic compounds (3‐7 PAC). The EFSA opinion of June 2012 on mineral oil hydrocarbons identified a potential health concern related to the presence of these compounds in MOAH. For the current assessment, EFSA received only limited occurrence data from two MS (Austria and Germany), in addition to the data published by foodwatch and data from Specialised Nutrition Europe. Different frequencies of quantifiable MOAH levels were observed, ranging from 50% of detection in the samples tested by foodwatch to lack of detection in the three samples analysed by the German authorities. Quantified MOAH levels were in the range 0.2‐3 mg/kg. Due to the complex analytical methods, there is uncertainty on the reported levels which were used to estimate exposure to MOAH for infants and toddlers. Higher levels were estimated for infants, ranging from 0.8 to 44.6 and from 1.7 to 78.8 μg/kg bw per day for average and 95th percentile of exposure, respectively. No information on the absence of 3‐7 PAC in the samples analysed was made available to EFSA, and therefore the estimated exposure for infants and toddlers is of possible concern for human health. This assessment relies on occurrence data made available up to 14 November 2019. Analysis of further samples by MS is ongoing and an update of the assessment will be considered upon availability of additional data.

© European Food Safety Authority, 2015

Rapid risk assessment on the possible risk for public health due to the contamination of infant formula and follow‐on formula by mineral oil aromatic hydrocarbons (MOAH)