The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that provides independent scientific advice and communicates on existing and emerging risks associated with the food chain. EFSA was established in February 2002, is based in Parma, Italy and had a budget for 2008 of €65.9 million.

The work of EFSA covers all matters with a direct or indirect impact on food and feed safety, including animal health and welfare, plant protection and plant health and nutrition. EFSA supports the European Commission, the European Parliament and EU member states in taking effective and timely risk management decisions that ensure the protection of the healthof European consumers and the safety of the food and feed chain. EFSA also communicates to the public in an open and transparent way on all matters within its remit.

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Published on: 29 March 2019

In January 2018, the guidance document on the use of EFSA PRIMo revision 3 was published in the EFSA Journal. Following feedback from users, the risk assessment tool has been updated, including editorial modifications and corrections of input values used for the calculation of the exposure assessments. This technical report summarises the modifications introduced in EFSA PRIMo revision 3.1.


© European Food Safety Authority, 2015

Pesticide Residue Intake Model‐ EFSA PRIMo revision 3.1


Published on: 28 March 2019

The conclusions of EFSA following the peer review of the initial risk assessment carried out by the competent authority of the co‐rapporteur Member State the Czech Republic for the pesticide active substance sulfoxaflor are reported. The context of the peer review was that requested by the European Commission following the submission and evaluation of confirmatory ecotoxicology data. The conclusions were reached on the basis of the evaluation of the representative uses of sulfoxaflor as an insecticide on fruiting vegetables (field and greenhouse application), cucurbits (field and greenhouse application), spring and winter cereals (field application) and cotton (field application). The reliable endpoints concluded as being appropriate for use in regulatory risk assessment, derived from the available studies and literature in the dossier peer reviewed, are presented. For the field and non‐permanent structure greenhouses, a high risk to honeybees and bumble bees was identified related to some pertinent scenarios (treated crop scenario except after flowering period, weed scenario, field margin scenario). A low risk was concluded for honeybees, bumble bees and solitary bees in case of permanent structure greenhouse provided the low exposure in such scenarios.


© European Food Safety Authority, 2015

Peer review of the pesticide risk assessment for the active substance sulfoxaflor in light of confirmatory data submitted


Published on: 28 March 2019

This study applied a procedure for the identification of potential emerging chemical risks in the food chain to substances registered under the REACH Regulation that was previously developed and tested in an EFSA‐sponsored pilot study. The selection was limited to substances that (a) were registered with a full registration, (b) met eligibility criteria (e.g. availability of a CAS number and a SMILES notation) and (c) were considered to be inside the applicability domain of the models used in this study (excluding e.g. ionisable compounds and metals). This selection reduced the number of substances from about 15 000 to 2 336 substances that were subsequently assessed in four blocks: environmental releases (based on tonnage and use pattern), biodegradation (using BIOWIN predictions assessed in a battery approach), bioaccumulation in food/feed (using ACC‐HUMANsteady modelling) and toxicity (based on classification for carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, reprotoxicity and repeated dose toxicity). A scoring system was applied with a maximum score of 10 in each of the four blocks. The procedure showed a good degree of differentiation in each block. Two weighting scenarios and pivot table selections were applied to the scores in the four blocks. An evaluation of both approaches led to the prioritisation of substances for their potential to represent ‘emerging chemical risks’ in the food chain. Following additional curation steps, 212 ‘potential emerging risks’ were identified that are considered to (a) be released to the environment and/or poorly biodegraded, (b) bioaccumulate in food/feed and (c) represent a chronic human health hazard. In this study, in‐depth evaluations were performed for ten ‘potential emerging risks’ that so far have not been assessed by an EU regulatory body for their presence in food via the investigated exposure pathway. The selection of these ten substances does not imply that the remaining 202 potential emerging risks are of lower priority


© European Food Safety Authority, 2015

Final Report: Applying a tested procedure for the identification of potential emerging chemical risks in the food chain to the substances registered under REACH ‐ REACH 2


Published on: 28 March 2019

Natugrain® Wheat TS is the trade name for a feed additive that contains endo‐1,4‐beta‐xylanase produced ■■■■■ The product is currently authorised for use as a feed additive in chickens for fattening, turkeys for fattening or reared for breeding, ducks, ornamental birds and minor avian species (except ducks and laying birds). This scientific opinion concerns the renewal of the authorisation of this additive for those species. The applicant provided evidence that the additive in the market complies with the conditions of the authorisation. According to the information provided by the applicant, no new evidence has been identified that would make the Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) reconsider the previous conclusions regarding the safety for the target species, consumer, user and environment under the authorised conditions of use. The additive is safe for the target species for which there is an authorisation, the consumers and the environment. The additive is a potential skin and dermal sensitiser. The present application for renewal of the authorisation did not include a proposal for amending or supplementing the conditions of the original authorisation that would have an impact on the efficacy of the additive. Therefore, there was no need for assessing the efficacy of the additive in the context of the renewal of the authorisation.


© European Food Safety Authority, 2015

Natugrain®Wheat TS/TS L


Published on: 28 March 2019

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) was asked by the European Commission to provide scientific assistance with respect to the risk assessment for an active substance in light of confirmatory data requested following approval in accordance with Article 6(1) of Directive 91/414/EEC and Article 6(f) of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009. In this context EFSA's scientific views on the specific points raised during the commenting phase conducted with Member States, the applicant and EFSA on the confirmatory data and their use in the risk assessment for gamma‐cyhalothrin are presented. The current report summarises the outcome of the consultation process organised by the rapporteur Member State the United Kingdom and presents EFSA's scientific views and conclusions on the individual comments received.


© European Food Safety Authority, 2015

Outcome of the consultation with Member States, the applicant and EFSA on the pesticide risk assessment for gamma‐cyhalothrin in light of confirmatory data