The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that provides independent scientific advice and communicates on existing and emerging risks associated with the food chain. EFSA was established in February 2002, is based in Parma, Italy and had a budget for 2008 of €65.9 million.

The work of EFSA covers all matters with a direct or indirect impact on food and feed safety, including animal health and welfare, plant protection and plant health and nutrition. EFSA supports the European Commission, the European Parliament and EU member states in taking effective and timely risk management decisions that ensure the protection of the healthof European consumers and the safety of the food and feed chain. EFSA also communicates to the public in an open and transparent way on all matters within its remit.

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Published on: 12 February 2020

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the safety and efficacy of lignosulphonate, when used as a technological additive, functional group: binders. In a previous opinion, the FEEDAP Panel could not conclude on the safety of the additive for target species and for the environment. The applicant provided additional information that was assessed in the current opinion. As regards the safety for the target species, the maximum recommended content of lignosulphonate of 10,000 mg/kg complete feed is considered safe in weaned piglet. A safe concentration of lignosulphonate in feed for salmonids and dairy cows could not be identified. The FEEDAP Panel reiterates also its previous conclusions that ‘10,000 mg lignosulphonate/kg complete feed is safe for chickens for fattening, laying hens and cattle for fattening but a margin of safety cannot be identified. Therefore, this conclusion cannot be extended to all animal species/categories’. Considering the absence of adverse effects confirmed by all the ecotoxicity studies up to very high concentrations, no concerns for the environment are expected from the use of this additive in animal nutrition according the conditions of use. Lignosulphonate is efficacious as pellet binder.

© European Food Safety Authority, 2015

Safety of lignosulphonate for all animal species

Online 12 March 2020


EFSA was asked to propose a risk evaluation methodology that would allow a rapid and consistent evaluation of health risks when a chemical contaminant is present in food. The methodology was developed in support of RASFF (Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed) for evaluating contaminants related to food contact materials, pharmacologically active substances and other food contaminants. The risk evaluation is based on the assessment of toxicological properties and dietary exposure. The Rapid Assessment of Contaminant Exposure (RACE) tool was developed to facilitate the evaluation.

The RACE tool provides estimates of different population groups, as well as acute and chronic exposure to chemical contaminants from single foods, and compares the result to the health-based guidance value or other relevant toxicological reference points.

This webinar will provide a brief overview of the methodology and give practical examples to support future users of the RACE tool.

Participants may submit questions to which EFSA will answer live and in writing after the presentation. A recording of the webinar will be published on the EFSA website.

Note to participants

For technical reasons, participation is limited to a maximum of 500 participants on a first-come, first-served basis.

Technical requirements and assistance


Webinar: Rapid Assessment of Contaminant Exposure (RACE) tool

Published on: 11 February 2020

This document should be used for the reporting of samples analysed in 2019 and other years. It provides guidance on how to use the Standard Sample Description (SSD2) data model for submission to the EU ofanalytical results of food and feed samples taken during control activities carried out to monitor residues of pesticide and veterinary medicinal products, contaminantsand additives (food only).This document does not replace – but complements and updates some aspects of– the general EFSA Guidance on Standard Sample Description (SSD2) and Guidance on Data Exchange (GDE2). It is meant to provide guidance on the specific technical and legislative requirements as well as clarity on data quality validation and the mechanisms and timing of the systems in place to transmit, validate and analyse chemical monitoring (ChemMon) data at national and EU levels.

© European Food Safety Authority, 2015

Chemical monitoring reporting guidance: 2020 data collection

Published on: 10 February 2020

A multi‐country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis, delineated by whole genome sequencing (WGS), linked to eggs,has been ongoing in the EU/EEA for several years. From 1 February 2017 to 14 January 2020, 15 EU/EEA countries reported 656 confirmed cases and 202 probable cases. Before February 2017, 385 historical‐confirmed cases and 413 historical‐probable cases were identified, resulting in 18 affected countries. Due to differences in capacity for case confirmation, more countries are likely to be affected.

This prolonged outbreak peaked during the summer months of2016–2018. A notable decrease in the frequency of the cases reported to ECDC has been observed in 2019, which is a deviation from the three previous years.

Epidemiological, microbiological and food tracing investigations have linked cases before 2018 to consumption of eggs originating from laying hen farms of aPolish consortium. A national investigation in 2018 in the UK identified epidemiological links between some cases and consumption of table eggs or egg products, with traceability possibly pointing to the Polish consortium.

Despite the control measures implemented in 2016–2017, the farms of thePolish consortium were positive in 2018–2019 with outbreakstrains, suggesting persistent contamination. Investigations focusing on the laying hen production and feed supply chainsdid not reveal any significant insights on the possible origin of the contamination.

One of the outbreak strains was found in the period 2017‐2019 in primary production in Germany.

In conclusion, the outbreak is still ongoing and since no evidence was provided that the source of contamination has been eliminated, it is expected that further infections will occur and that new cases will be reported in the coming months. Additional investigations are necessary to identify the source of contamination.

© European Food Safety Authority, 2015

Multi‐country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis infections linked to eggs, fourth update – 6 February 2020

Published on: 10 February 2020

Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the safety and efficacy of l‐cysteine monohydrochloride monohydrate produced by fermentation using two genetically modified strains of Escherichia coli K12 (Escherichia coli KCCM 80180 and Escherichia coli KCCM 80181) as a flavouring additive for all animal species. No safety concerns are derived from the use of these strains as production strains of the additive. The FEEDAP Panel concludes that l‐cysteine hydrochloride monohydrate, produced by E.coli KCCM 80180 and KCCM 80181 at concentrations up to 25 mg/kg complete feed, is safe for the target species, for the consumer and for the environment. The product is proposed to be classified as respiratory irritant; however, exposure by inhalation is unlikely. l‐Cysteine hydrochloride monohydrate produced by E.coli KCCM 80180 and E.coli KCCM 80181 was shown to be a skin and eye irritant but not a skin sensitiser. Since l‐cysteine hydrochloride monohydrate is used in food as flavouring, it is to be expected that it can provide a similar function in feed and no further demonstration of efficacy is necessary when used at concentrations up to 25 mg/kg complete feed and the corresponding concentration in water.

© European Food Safety Authority, 2015

Safety and efficacy of l‐cysteine hydrochloride monohydrate produced by fermentation using Escherichia coli KCCM 80180 and Escherichia coli KCCM 80181 as a flavouring additive for all animal species