The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that provides independent scientific advice and communicates on existing and emerging risks associated with the food chain. EFSA was established in February 2002, is based in Parma, Italy and had a budget for 2008 of €65.9 million.

The work of EFSA covers all matters with a direct or indirect impact on food and feed safety, including animal health and welfare, plant protection and plant health and nutrition. EFSA supports the European Commission, the European Parliament and EU member states in taking effective and timely risk management decisions that ensure the protection of the healthof European consumers and the safety of the food and feed chain. EFSA also communicates to the public in an open and transparent way on all matters within its remit.

EFSA automated RSS feed

EFSA | All updates

Latest items

Published on: 12 February 2019

According to Article 12(1) of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, EFSA shall provide within 12 months from the date of the inclusion or non‐inclusion of an active substance in Annex I to Directive 91/414/EEC a reasoned opinion on the review of the existing maximum residue levels (MRLs) for that active substance. Among the active substances that need to be reviewed under Article 12(1) of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, EFSA identified 13 active substances for which a review of MRLs is no longer considered necessary, including 6 active substances that were already included temporarily in Annex IV of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 by risk managers pending finalisation of their evaluation under Directive 91/414/EEC or Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 and pending submission of EFSA's reasoned opinion in accordance with Article 12(1) of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005. EFSA prepared a statement explaining the reasons why a review of MRLs for these substances became obsolete. The relevant question numbers are considered addressed by this statement.


© European Food Safety Authority, 2015

Pesticide active substances that do not require a review of the existing maximum residue levels under Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005


Published on: 4 February 2019

The applicant Dow AgroSciences Ltd submitted a request to the competent national authority in the Netherlands to evaluate the confirmatory data that were identified for spinosad in the framework of the maximum residue level (MRL) review under Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 as not available. The data gaps related to residue trials on globe artichokes, flowering brassica and the nature of residues in processed commodities were satisfactorily addressed. A new feeding study on poultry has been submitted as requested, but the information is not sufficient to derive conversion factors (CF) for risk assessment for poultry liver and eggs to replace the tentative conversion factors obtained from the metabolism study. The new information provided justifies the lowering of the MRLs for flowering brassica and products of poultry origin. The consumer risk assessment performed for spinosad was updated taking into account the acute reference dose (ARfD) which was recently derived by EFSA. Since for spinach a potential consumer intake concern was identified, the lowering of the existing MRL is recommended. For the remaining commodities assessed under this application (globe artichokes, flowering brassica, products derived from poultry), a consumer intake concern was not identified. For a number of commodities for which MRLs have been established previously but which are not subject of the current assessment, EFSA recommends a review of the MRLs because of potential short‐term intake concerns.


© European Food Safety Authority, 2015

Evaluation of confirmatory data following the Article 12 MRL review for spinosad


Published on: 4 February 2019

The applicant Nihon Nohyaku Co. Ltd. submitted a request to the competent national authority in Finland to evaluate the confirmatory data that were identified for flutolanil in the framework of the maximum residue level (MRL) review under Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 as not available. The data gaps related to new residue trials for globe artichokes and beans with pods and for storage stability data in products of animal origin were addressed. Further risk management consideration is required regarding the tentative MRL on peppers and on certain products of animal origin, since the data gaps identified in the MRL review were not addressed or only partially addressed. A new metabolism study on ruminants was provided which will be assessed in the framework of the renewal of the active substance flutolanil; formally, this data gap is considered to be addressed. EFSA updated the most recent consumer risk assessment for flutolanil and concluded that the long‐term dietary intake is unlikely to present a risk to consumer health. The conclusion reported in this reasoned opinion may need to be reconsidered in light of the outcome of the EU pesticides peer review.


© European Food Safety Authority, 2015

Evaluation of confirmatory data following the Article 12 MRL review for flutolanil


Published on: 1 February 2019

3rd Call : Input data for the Exposure Assessment of Food Enzymes

Food processes

  • Protein components in infant formulae and follow-on formulae

Instruction for completing the attached MS Excel ® file

Sheet 1 (“Legend”) contains the terminology used in the workbook.

EFSA is seeking information on the presence of various protein components and the associated technical factors in infant formulae and follow-on formulae (Sheet 2 “Protein”) and yields when processing such components (Sheet 4 “Average yield”).

An example of how to populate Sheet 2 (“Protein”) is given in Sheet 3 (“Protein example”).

The FoodEx categories are available in Sheet 5 (“FoodEx”).

Submission of data

Data should be submitted directly to EFSA using the dedicated e-mail address for this service: foodenzyme.datacall [at] efsa.europa.eu. This mailbox is also the contact point for any technical support/advice you need for the reporting of this data.


Call for input data for the Exposure Assessment of Food Enzymes - 3rd Call


Published on: 1 February 2019

The applicant BASF SE submitted a request to the competent national authority in France to evaluate the confirmatory data that were identified for imazamox in the framework of the maximum residue level (MRL) review under Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 as not available. To address the data gaps, the applicant submitted new residue trials on rice. Since the number of trials was not sufficient, the data gap was considered only partially addressed. The remaining data gaps related to metabolism studies and analytical enforcement methods have been addressed in the framework of the renewal of the approval for imazamox. New enforcement and risk assessment residue definitions for plant commodities were derived and the toxicological reference values for imazamox were revised. The previous consumer risk assessment was updated using the residue data submitted on rice and the new revised toxicological reference values. No consumer intake concerns were identified. The current reasoned opinion is intended to give risk managers the necessary information to take a decision on the amendment of the tentative MRLs established in the EU MRL legislation. Furthermore, EFSA recommends to review all existing EU MRLs for imazamox, considering the new residue definitions derived in the framework of the peer review.


© European Food Safety Authority, 2015

Evaluation of confirmatory data following the Article 12 MRL review for imazamox